Skip to main content

Steel quartet: the Russian tank programs

The Russian military modernization program has two superstars that have been grabbing the headlines, the T-50 Pak-Fa 5th generation fighter and the T-14 Armata main battle tank. The Armata has been dubbed as a wonder weapon that will make all other main battle tanks obsolete. The published plan was to phase out all other tracked platforms and gradually replace them with Armata variants. The T-14 Armata was supposed to be produced in great numbers.

The delayed development of the Armata platform has been evident, not only by it’s failure in the Victory Day parade at the Red Square, but also by the fact that the advanced T-72B3 variant has been produced in large numbers and an additional upgrade package has been applied to it in 2016.


In addition to the T-72B3M, two other Russian main battle tank upgrade programs are currently underway and the overall number of the modernized tanks will rise to thousands. It is remarkable that the Russian armed forces are committing to four separate tank platforms. At the same time, Russian armed forces and the Russian defense industry have worked hard to streamline the production and the maintenance of the other armored platforms, such as the BMP, BMD and BTR-families. Despite these efforts Russia still operates a staggeringly vast array of different vehicles, modifications and versions.

The T-72B3M is the first one of the modernized main battle tanks to enter service and it’s already being used by several tank and motor rifle brigades. Unlike the T-80BVM and T-90M, the T-72B3M is also being produced from scratch.

The upgrade programs improve all three corners of the classic protection-mobility-firepower triangle. All tanks are getting new reactive armor packages and active protection systems. The ERA packages on the T-90M and the T-80BVM look particularly impressive.

T-80BVM showing its cage-armor (photo: otvaga2004.ru)

The three modifications share the latest version of the Sosna-U gun-sight, the new fire control automation and the new gun laying components. More importantly all three modifications will give the tank commander an independent panoramic sights with thermal imaging capability.

T-80BVM (photo: otvaga2004.ru)

The T-72B3M and the T-90M will have modified versions of the basic 2A46M gun, while the T-80BVM will retain its original 2A46-2 gun. All of the tanks will be upgraded with the ability to shoot the new APDSFS rounds and the 9M119 Refleks anti tank missile. With the new digital communications and battlespace information systems and the similar optics, these tanks will be relatively similar to operate for the gunner and the commander.

The T-90M and the T-72B3M will share the 1000-1100 hp V-92S2F diesel engines. The T-80BVM will retain the signature gas-turbine engine, but they will be upgraded to a 1300 hp variant.The fuel inefficiency and the complex maintenance procedures remain as the drawbacks of the T-80 series.

T-90M with the signature Russian log (photo: otvaga2004.ru)

When these four parallel tank programs are looked at from a strategic perspective few alarming possibilities emerge. If the reason for the new modernization programs are either the delays in the T-14 Armata program on insufficient funds to purchase them in numbers, it hardly makes sense to divide the RnD and procurement funds to four separate programs.

Either the attrition from the increased training regime recently imposed to the Russian Ground Forces is proving to be too much for the older vehicles. The much more disturbing possibility is that Russia is planing to expand its military significantly or that it’s expecting massive attrition from an unspecified near future operation that have to be replaced rapidly.


On the other hand this could be the usual corruption ploy to waste government money to the completely unnecessary programs in order to allow the oligarchs and the officials to skim most of the budget in to their own pockets.


Comments

  1. Really a great addition. I have read this marvelous post. Thanks for sharing information about it. I really like that. Thanks so lot for your convene. Cage Heaven gerbil cage collection

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return. https://yolongbrewtech.com/products/

    ReplyDelete
  3. "On the other hand this could be the usual corruption ploy to waste government money to the completely unnecessary programs in order to allow the oligarchs and the officials to skim most of the budget in to their own pockets" OR they could just be updating most of their tank fleet because Armata is coming really, really slow - just 70 by 2019- and there won't be many of them 'till at least, 2025. So it makes sense to update the fleet, wich is still much cheaper than buying new tanks at a time they face a percieved -real or not- increased threat from NATO.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Life is changing and there are many modern and new things to appear, each person should learn about them to avoid backwardness and keep up with the times, follow this website to update more information. Many thanks
    Product discount master, Discount master by autoketing, best autoketing

    ReplyDelete
  5. Nice to read your article! I am looking forward to sharing your adventures and experiences.
    Thank you for very usefull information
    apps autoketing
    shipping bar shopify
    App Shipping Bar Master

    ReplyDelete
  6. The article is really close to the current state of life, people should share it together so that more people know it, it's great !!!
    email with love free app, email app download for marketing, best autoketing app

    ReplyDelete
  7. I enjoyed it, thanks for posting it, I hope this post of yours will be more appreciated by it really excellent.
    Stickman Warriors good games to try, Happy Glass free games online, Wheelie Challenge interesting game

    ReplyDelete
  8. This is a post that we all should read at least once, it's great, wish you success in the next blog.
    kizi 2 player racing games, 2 player pbs games, friv jogos online

    ReplyDelete

  9. food games
    basketball games online
    soccer games free
    This is a post that we all should read at least once, it's great, wish you success in the next blog.

    ReplyDelete
  10. io jogos for school
    free online juegos games
    play 2 player games
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Thank you. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody?

    ReplyDelete
  11. I am trusting the same best exertion from you later on also. Truth be told your exploratory writing abilities has motivated me.
    miniclip games unblocked at school, a10 game online, Jogo para criança

    ReplyDelete
  12. So first you soak your Red Wheat Berries, for 8-24 hours. You can buy Red Wheat Berries at your local health food store, often in the bulk section. And yes wheatgrass is gluten free. I too, was concerned, but after searching around and asking a licensed dietitian friend in the area, the grass itself does not contain any gluten, only the kernel, and in juicing wheatgrass you only juice the grass, so yay!
    games online for kids
    jogos friv gratis 2019
    jogos games online

    ReplyDelete
  13. Given that Ben was only 39 when he wrote this letter, he seems to have already amassed considerable mistress experience, getting an early start by fathering a son out of wedlock when he was 24. His presumably-long-suffering wife raised the child in her own home.
    kizi 4 girl games
    friv jogo
    friv com school

    ReplyDelete
  14. I am very enjoyed for this blog. Its an informative topic. It help me very much to solve some problems. Its opportunity are so fantastic and working style so speedy. industrial brush manufacturer

    ReplyDelete
  15. Thanks for share great content You may Like this game
    Stoneshard IGG Games Download

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Quick guide to identifying the Russian tanks Part 1: main platforms and T-72 variants

As most of the western nations have reduced their inventories to a few or mostly one type of main battle tank model in their active inventories, the myriad of tank platforms and distinct versions employed by the Russian armed forces may feel overwhelming. Here is a quick guide to identifying Russian MBTs. When you come across an image (or the actual thing), follow the steps to identify it properly. Family of the tank Russian Armed Forces currently operates, or at least storage, the following tank platforms/families: -           T-55 (<2000 in storage) -           T-62 (2000 in storage) -           T-64 (2000 in storage) -           T-72 (2000 active duty, 8000 in storage) -           T-80 (2000 active duty, 5000 in storage) -           T-90 (350 active duty, 600  in storage) -           T-14 (20 in field testing) So how can you identify what type of a tank are you looking at? There are two features that can be used to distingu

Energy deal ties Finland to the Russian Nord Stream 2

A Finnish energy company Fortum has been negotiating with the German E.ON to buy a German energy company called Uniper. The deal has been controversial in Finland as it would include a large number of coal fired power plants that do not fit the Fortum’s strategy of becoming a sustainable and green energy producer. As 50,8 % of Fortum is owned by the Finnish government, the deal has an obvious political angle. (Photo: Nord Stream) The most disturbing aspect of the deal is that Uniper owns a 950 Million € share of the Russo-German gas pipeline project Nord Stream 2 . The Finnish minister responsible for directing the state owned companies is the Center Party’s Mika Lintilä. He stated that he didn’t have any information about the Uniper’s share of the gas pipeline. He also stated that the Finnish government would not veto the deal even if it would link Finland to the controversial pipeline and Russian geopolitical interests. Finland, unlike the Baltic States and Sweden,

Russian Battalion Tactical Group southbound from Saint Petersburg

  A social media video of a Russian train loaded with military vehicles surfaced 20.8.2020. The video was supposedly filmed south of Saint Petersburg. While videos of Russian convoys and trains laden with tanks are not rare, there are some interesting features in this one. It seems to feature a fully functional Russian battalion tactical group. The maneuver unit is clearly based around a motorized rifle battalion that is equipped with the venerable MT-LB tracked armored personnel carriers. In the Russian system a Motorized Rifle unit can be classified as either mechanized or motorized in the west depending on the set of vehicles it is equipped with. This battalion has at least 35 baseline MT-LBs, which is consistent with the 3 vehicles per platoon and 3 platoons + ATGM-section per company structure that is typical with the battalions of the motorized rifle brigades.   The battalion also has its integral command and communications assets in the form of two R-149 unified command